Splitting nails: causes, care and effective treatments

25 December 2023
A woman who noticed her nails splitting. En

Although split nails may seem like just an aesthetic nuisance, they are also often a signal that something wrong is going on in our body. So let’s take a look at what’s behind split nails, the main causes of this problem and how to effectively counteract them.

Nail splitting – definition and symptoms

Nail splitting is a condition in which the nail plate splits into two or more parts along the edges. It usually manifests itself by the appearance of a gap running from the tip of the nail toward its base. It’s an aesthetic impediment, but also a potential signal of health problems.

Symptoms of split nails:

  • Cracks and fissures: the main symptom is a visible crack or fissure running along the nail. These can occur on one or more nails at the same time.
  • Weakened structure: nails become brittle, soft and difficult to keep in proper length. Weakened structure makes them more susceptible to damage.
  • Nail delamination: in advanced cases, nails may begin to delaminate, further increasing the risk of cracks.
  • Pain and discomfort: split nails can cause pain, especially when there is a pull on the skin around them. This can be especially acute with everyday activities such as writing or opening packages.

Causes of split nails:

  • Improper care: excessive use of polish remover, frequent cutting of nails too short or too often, can lead to split nails.
  • Lack of hydration: nails, like skin, need proper hydration. Lack of proper hydration can make them dry and prone to splitting.
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies: vitamin deficiencies, especially vitamin A, C, D, E, and iron or zinc deficiencies can affect nail health.
  • Hormonal disorders: hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy or menopause, can affect the condition of nails.
  • Nail diseases: fungal infections or other nail diseases can lead to split nails.

Home remedies for split nails

Fortunately, combating split nails does not always require complicated procedures. There are many simple and effective home methods that we can incorporate into our daily nail care routine to support nail health and counteract splitting.

Nail oiling

Periodic nail baths in warm oils, such as coconut oil or olive oil, help keep nails supple and moisturize them from within.

Nail conditioners

A variety of nail conditioners are available at drugstores that can strengthen nails and prevent splitting. Choose products that contain nutrients such as biotin or keratin.

The right length of nails

Proper nail length is a key issue. Avoid cutting them too short, as this can lead to splitting. Also, remember to file regularly to maintain the shape of your nails.

Avoiding strong substances

Protecting your nails from aggressive chemicals, such as detergents and solvents, is key. Use protective gloves when doing household chores.

Stopping nail biting

If you bite your nails, take conscious steps to change your habits. This may include using preparations to prevent biting or even seeking the help of a psychotherapist.

Professional methods to fight split nails

If you have a persistent problem with split nails, it is worth consulting a dermatologist. Specialized treatments offer a variety of approaches to improve nail health and prevent splitting. The specialist will carefully assess the condition of the nails and identify the causes of the problem. Implementing effective therapy can produce visible results and improve the health and appearance of your nails.

What treatments can you make an appointment for to take care of your nails? First of all, you can visit a beauty salon to have a professional manicure. The specialist can then select cosmetics or apply conditioners or additional preparations, so as not to further stress our nail plate. After a well-executed procedure, not only will our nails be strengthened, but we will be able to enjoy beautiful hands.

If a visit to a beauty salon does not yield results in the long run, then it is worth consulting a dermatologist directly. He will look at our nail plate for diseases and, if necessary, order additional tests that will be able to confirm or exclude possible diseases. If the splitting of the nails is the result of, for example, fungus, then the specialist can order, for example, laser treatment, which will help us quickly deal with the problem.

Karol Popko

Karol Popko is an experienced author whose pen has been shining in the lifestyle world for many years. With his copywriting practice and insight into trends, he not only shares practical tips, but also opens up a deeper understanding of these topics to his readers. According to Karol, beauty can be found everywhere, and life is worth celebrating with passion and style.


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